Journal of Applied Dental
and Medical Sciences
Journal of Applied Dental and Medical Sciences is A Quarterly Published

ISSN : 2454-2288

Infobase Index Factor : 2.8

ABSTRACT

Temporomandibular Joint Fibrous Ankylosis – A Case Report

Chetan Bhat , Smita Patil , Natasha Kale , Nimish Salunkhe 

ABSTRACT

Temporomandibular joint is unique, complex, synovial joint of the jaw playing a vital role in opening and closing movements of the mandible assisting in masticatory function. Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involves fusion of the mandibular condyle to the base of the skull due to trauma and infection in childhood leading to devastating effects on the future growth and development of the jaws and teeth. This can cause facial deformity, which worsens with growth having a profoundly negative influence on the psychosocial development of the patient. The treatment of TMJ ankylosis poses a significant challenge because of technical difficulties and a high incidence of recurrence. This case report is of a 6 year old boy who reported with inability to open the mouth,and giving and was diagnosed with bilateral fibrous TMJ ankylosis.This case was treated by immediate non invasive, non surgical approach mainly physiotherapy yielding a drastic improvement in mouth opening helping to restore the physical, psychological, and emotional health of the child patient.

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