Journal of Applied Dental
and Medical Sciences
Journal of Applied Dental and Medical Sciences is A Quarterly Published

ISSN : 2454-2288

Infobase Index Factor : 2.8

ABSTRACT

Orofacial Neoplasm In Patients Visited St. Paul’s Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Ermias Dereje, Amare Teshome , Mulualem Tolosa, Yosan Mulata

ABSTRACT

There is dearth of information on the prevalence and pattern of orofacial lesions in Ethiopia. An assessment of patterns of orofacial tumors managed in St.paul’s millennium medical college oral and maxillofacial center is great important due to the increase in the number of new cases. The site and type of the lesions are valuable in diagnosis and patient management. Objectives: - The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of orofacial tumors among patients visited St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Dental and Maxillofacial clinic from September 2012 to September 2014. Methodology: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out among patients presented to St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Dental and Maxillofacial clinic from September 2012 to 2014GC. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information from patient’s medical records. Data was collected by three dental interns under the supervision of the Principal investigator. Three hundred sixty two patients were recruited. Medical records of all patients were retrieved, review and analyzed. Result: all cases diagnosed with orofacial tumor between September 2012 and 2014 were retrieved from medical record office. A total of 362 orofacial tumor patients were visited dental and maxillofacial center of St. Paul’s Hospital millennium medical college in the last two years. The mean age of the study participants was 34.5 with SD of 2.35 and the male to female ratio was 1.21:1with a male dominance. Majority of the study participants were males (52.76%), and in the second decade of life (21-30 years). Ameloblastoma (16.02%), pleomorphic adenoma (11.88%), and squamous cell carcinoma (11.60%) were the most frequent orofacial tumors. Conclusion: Most of tumors presenting in the orofacial area are benign and occurs in second and third decades of life. Ameloblastoma was the leading among benign tumors, while squamous cell carcinoma was the most prevalent malignant tumor. Surgical removal of the tumors was the predominant treatment method.

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