Journal of Applied Dental
and Medical Sciences
Journal of Applied Dental and Medical Sciences is A Quarterly Published

ISSN : 2454-2288

Infobase Index Factor : 2.8

ABSTRACT

Magnets In Orthodontics

 Devendra Singh, Upendra Jain , Amit Prakash

ABSTRACT

Magnetism occurs due to a quantum physical effect called exchange coupling, which results in the alignment of the magnetic dipole moments of the atoms. This persistent alignment of magnetic dipole moments in magnetic materials is responsible for the phenomenon of magnetism. Magnets were initially used in dentistry for fixation of dentures. They were also implanted surgically into molar regions of edentulous mandibles for retention of complete dentures. Magnets have been widely used in orthodontics, there have been concerns regarding their safety and possible harmful effects. Magnets are used in number of conditions like, Relocation of Unerupted teeth; Space closure with magnets; Molar intrusion and correction of anterior open bite; Molar distalization; Maxillary expansion; Functional appliances for correction of Class II malocclusion; Functional Appliances for Class III malocclusions; Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, snoring; Extrusion of crown-root fractured teeth; Closure of mid-line diastema; Correction of hemifacial microsomia. At present the most promising clinical uses for these magnets are mainly confined to tooth movement for impacted teeth, and Class II and Class III malocclusions, as well as for treatment of open bite cases. In particular the long term effects of correction of open bite with magnetic appliances have to be evaluated.

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